Progressive Hindus Declare Queens Temple The First Sanctuary of Its Kind in U.S.

By Ilgin Beygo Yorulmaz

Revelation came to Sunita Viswanath one summer morning six years ago, as she set down to read the newspapers in her living room in Taos, New Mexico.

There was a story in New York Times about Rohan Narine, an young American Hindu community organizer who wanted to screen the 2008 animated movie, Sita Sings The Blues, by trailblazing Jewish female director Nina Paley.  Narine chose his uncle’s Hindu temple as the location, hoping the screening could be part of a series of events through which young Sikhs and Hindus — the two dominant religions in his Indo-Caribbean community — could “get to know each other.”

Narine’s peaceful attempt backfired spectacularly.

Before the screening, Narine was inundated with thousands of hate messages from supposed community leaders who, in turn, organized Hindus to criticize the movie and blamed Narine for insulting the Divine Holy scriptures revered by Hindus.  After two unsuccessful attempts, Narine was forced to screen the movie in his own living room and to a much smaller audience.       

Sunita Viswanath says she jumped up when she first read this story that morning.

As a progressive Hindu, she feels strongly about any kind of censorship and thought Narine had been treated unjustly by his own people. “This man is totally Hindu; his family has a temple. You don’t get much more Hindu than that,” she says.

In response, Viswanath co-founded Sadhana, the Coalition of Progressive Hindus.

“We seek to mobilize Hindus to speak up whenever justice is denied,” says Viswanath.

The word “sadhana” means daily spiritual practice in Hindi. For Viswanath and her collaborators, it is “faith in action”. The platform is committed to a vision of social justice, which the members believe is at the heart of Hinduism. The movement’s three pillars include: ekatva (the oneness of all), ahimsa (non-violence), and seva (the responsibility to put one’s shoulder to the wheel in service of struggles for justice everywhere).

Together with Aminta Kilawan, an attorney and a legislative counsel to the New York City Council, Viswanath founded Sadhana in 2011. Rohan Narine, the resilient community organizer from Queens whose story first inspired Viswanath, joined them as the third co-founder and board member.

“The right-wing Hindus have done a fantastic job in organizing. Why can’t we?” Viswanath remembers asking, referring to the Sita movie screening backlash.  

One obstacle is the definition of secularism among Hindus. The progressive world in India is adamantly secular, according to Viswanath. Not wanting to make a fuss about their Hinduism, which has gradually “become synonymous with right-wing Hinduism,” secular Hindus in America, who care about social justice and would potentially be interested in movements like Sadhana, would like to be equidistant to all religions: “They don’t want to alienate Muslims or Christians…” Viswanath says.

Others warned Viswanath also about an old Indian stereotype: “People think that you can’t organize Hindus around a common cause because of the notion of dharma,” she notes.  Dharma is a kind of individual mission statement for Hindus. It dictates the notion of “what I’m supposed to do with my life has nothing to do with what you’re supposed to do with yours,” according to Viswanath.

Undeterred by poor prospects, Viswanath and her co-founders felt sure that there was a percentage of devout Hindus who went to the temple regularly, but also believed in justice for all and doing the right thing.     

Since their founding, Sadhana has been embracing progressive and inclusive values.  

“We could argue that Hindu theology reveres women, while cultural norms have tended to discriminate against women,” says commentary by Sadhana in support of Planned Parenthood.  They have also held workshops to address gender-based violence and reached out to other Hindu organizations to explain what it means to be a progressive Hindu.   

Recently, the movement is focused on fighting racism, casteism, and Islamophobia, and promoting LGBTQ rights.

After six years, more and more Hindus have embraced this kind of progressive Hinduism. Queens activist and current Sadhana leader Rohan Narine may once have been denied permission to screen a controversial film at a Hindu temple. But just last week, Shaanti Bhavan Mandir, another Hindu temple in Queens, in collaboration with Sadhana, became the first Hindu Temple to become a sanctuary congregation in the U.S.

Addressing nearly 100 congregants after Sunday prayers, the temple’s main priest Pandit Manoj Jadubans said, “There are people in the world today that are confused, they are scared, they feel threatened, and they don’t know what to do, who to turn to, or where to go…Remember a mandir (temple) is not just a place that we come and we pray. It goes beyond that. It’s an institution for higher learning and we are learning how to allow this place to reach out to the public now. You give them shelter, a place where they can come and feel safe and secure and protected.”

Shaanti Bhavan Mandir will hold a general meeting in April and invite other Hindu temples to learn about becoming a sanctuary temple.  Already, a Hindu temple in Taos, New Mexico, is showing strong interest to become the second Hindu sanctuary congregation in the country.

As for Viswanath, who is seeing the movement she helped develop reach new heights, the old adage still holds true: “If you build it, they will come.”

On March 29th, Sadhana will hold an event at New York University with Ananja Vajpey, a respected progressive Indian scholar, writer, journalist, and advocate, about the political situation in India today, after the election in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and appointment of Adityanath as that state’s Chief Minister.   


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